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MARIA Bylaws

BYLAWS OF MID-ATLANTIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE ALLIANCE
June 6, 2012

ARTICLE I Purposes of the Corporation

As set forth in the Articles of Incorporation, the Mid-Atlantic Research Infrastructure Alliance (the “Corporation”) is organized and operated exclusively to conduct charitable, scientific, and educational activities within the meaning of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and the regulations and rulings promulgated thereunder (the “Code”).

The Corporation is dedicated to facilitating access to advanced information, instruction, and research infrastructure technology and advancing research and education in the United States by:

●    providing a forum for collaboration in terascale computing and high performance networking among its members;
●    promoting the delivery of a broad range of advanced technology services to the research and educational communities;
●    providing a mechanism for collaborative investment in research-enabling infrastructure and services;
●    facilitating innovative and successful projects and productive working relationships;
●    representing the common interests of the regional research and educational advanced networking and computing community; and
●    assisting other charitable, scientific and educational organizations in the conduct of similar activities.

ARTICLE II Offices

Section 2.1 Location. 

The principal office of the Corporation shall be located within or without the Commonwealth of Virginia, at such place as the Board of Directors shall from time to time designate.  The Corporation may maintain additional offices at such other places as the Board of Directors may designate.  The Corporation shall continuously maintain within the Commonwealth of Virginia a registered office at such place as may be designated by the Board of Directors.

ARTICLE III Membership

Section 3.1 Membership.
There are two primary classes of membership:  Full Members and Associate Members.  In addition, the Board of Directors may establish additional classes of members at its discretion.  The Board of Directors, by resolution, may establish criteria for Membership in addition to those stated in this Article III.  New Members may be admitted by the Board of Directors upon application and successful review of qualifications.
Except for elections of Directors as set forth herein, Members shall have no authority or power or the right to vote on any actions with respect to the governance of the affairs of the Corporation.
Section 3.2 Full Members.
Full Membership in the Corporation is divided into three categories:  Primary Research Members, Associate Research Members and Supporting Members.  Full Membership is open to any entity:

●    the mission and goals of which are aligned with those of the Corporation,
●    that is a non-profit organization, and
●    which is approved by the Corporation's Board of Directors, in its sole discretion.

Primary Research Members shall consist of non-profit entities that are institutions of higher learning or other entities engaged in research, health care, or related activities, including, those entities identified on Exhibit A, attached hereto.

Associate Research Members shall consist of any non-profit entities that meet the criteria set forth above for Full Members, including, those entities identified on Exhibit B, attached hereto.

Supporting Members shall consist of entities whose mission and goals are aligned with those of the Corporation and who have characteristics or assets that are beneficial to the Corporation, including, those entities identified on Exhibit C, attached hereto. 

The designation of a Full Member as a Primary Research Member, an Associate Research Member, or a Supporting Member shall be made by the Board of Directors in its sole discretion based upon criteria established by the Board (in addition to the applicable criteria set forth in this Article III).

Section 3.3 Associate Members.
Associate Membership is open to any entity:

●    the mission and goals of which are aligned with those of the Corporation,
●    that meets any additional criteria for Associate Members as may be established from time to time by the Board of Directors, in its sole discretion, and
●    which is approved by the Corporation’s Board of Directors, in its sole discretion.

Associate Members shall include those entities identified on Exhibit D, attached hereto.

Section 3.4 Membership Criteria.
The Board of Directors, by resolution, may establish criteria for Membership in addition to those stated in this Article III.  The Board of Directors may admit, in its sole discretion, new Members (Full, Associate, or other) to the Corporation upon application and successful review of qualifications.

Section 3.5 Continuing Membership.
Each Member must satisfy the qualifications for Membership for its respective class as stated in Article III of these Bylaws.  Each Member must also maintain itself in good standing with respect to the:

●    payment of dues, fees, and assessments as specified in Section 3.8 of these Bylaws; and
●    policies and procedures established by the Board of Directors.

A Member shall be considered to be in good standing if it adheres to the policies and procedures established by the Board of Directors (including, but not limited to, the payment of any dues, fees, assessments, etc.). If a member fails to remain in good standing the Board of Directors, at its discretion, may terminate the membership of such Member, subject, as applicable, to the terms noted in Section 3.8 below.

A Member may be removed and its membership terminated at any time, at the sole discretion of the Board of Directors, without cause, if such removal is approved and confirmed in two separate votes separated by no less than 90 days, each passing by over two-thirds of the Directors then serving on the Board of Directors.  In the case of such termination of membership without cause, the terminated Member shall have the right to continue to receive, for up to six months after termination, the services that it was receiving at the time of the first vote to terminate.

Exhibit A, Exhibit B, Exhibit C,  and Exhibit D may be amended by the Board of Directors upon the termination of a Member’s membership or upon the addition of a new Member.

Section 3.6 Member Appointments to the Board.
Each Primary Research Member shall appoint one representative to the Corporation who will serve as a Director of the Corporation.  Each Primary Research Member may change its representative upon written notice to the Executive Director or Secretary of the Corporation.

Associate Research Members as a group, by majority vote, may appoint one representative (Associate Research Member Elected Representative) to the Corporation who will serve as a Director of the Corporation.  The Associate Research Members may change their Elected Representative upon a majority vote of the Associate Research Members in favor of such change and written notice to the Executive Director or Secretary of the Corporation.

If Mid-Atlantic Broadband Cooperative (“MBC”) joins as a Supporting Member, while there are fewer than three Supporting Members, MBC shall appoint one representative to the Corporation who will serve as a Director of the Corporation..  Once there are three or more Supporting Members, MBC shall continue to appoint one representative and the Supporting Members as a group, by majority vote, may appoint one additional representative (the “Supporting Member Elected Representative”) to the Corporation who will serve as a Director of the Corporation.  MBC may change its representative upon written notice to the Executive Director or Secretary of the Corporation.   The Supporting Members may change their Elected Representative upon a majority vote of the Supporting Members in favor of such change and written notice to the Executive Director or Secretary of the Corporation.

Each Director's fiduciary duty shall be to the Corporation.  Each Director shall act for the good of the Corporation and not as a representative of any Member or group of Members.

Associate Members shall not have the right to appoint a member of the Board of Directors of the Corporation.  Associate Members have no voting rights whatsoever.

Section 3.7 Additional Classes of Membership.

The Board of Directors, by resolution, may create additional classes of Membership; provided, such new classes will not have any voting rights whatsoever.

Section 3.8 Dues and Assessments.
Each Member shall be responsible for payment of any dues, fees, and assessments, as determined by the Board of Directors.  A Member that fails to pay its dues, fees,  or assessments within ninety days from the time they become payable shall have its Membership rights suspended and may become subject to forfeiture of participation as provided by policies established by the Board of Directors.

ARTICLE IV Board of Directors

Section 4.1 Power of Board.

The affairs of the Corporation shall be governed by the Board of Directors. 

Section 4.2 Corporation Budget.
The Board of Directors shall, at their annual meeting, approve and adopt an annual budget and Plan of Operations.  The budget will be managed by the Executive Director in consultation with the Executive Committee.
Section 4.3 Number of Directors.

The number of Directors of the Corporation shall be one representative for each Primary Research Member in good standing, one representative for the Associate Research Members as a group, and one or two representatives, as provided in Section 3.6 above, for the Supporting Members as a group.  There shall never be fewer than one member of the Board of Directors.
Section 4.4 Qualifications. 
A majority of Directors must reside in the United States.  In the event that a Member loses its good standing status according to the provisions of Section 3.5 of these Bylaws, the Director appointed by such Member shall no longer be in good standing and shall not have the right to vote nor be counted when constituting a quorum at a meeting of Directors. 

The Directors appointed by the Associate Research Members and the Supporting Members shall have the right to vote or be counted when constituting a quorum at a meeting of Directors unless no Associate Research Member or Supporting Member is in good standing.

Section 4.5 Vacancies. 

Vacancies shall be filled by the Member organization(s) in accordance with the procedures as defined in Section 3.6.

Section 4.6 Removal of Directors.

A Director may be removed for malfeasance or breach of fiduciary duty by a two thirds majority vote of those Directors representing Members in good standing, at any regularly scheduled or special meeting of the Board of Directors.  In the event of such action, the Member having appointed such Director shall appoint, in accordance with the procedures defined in Section 3.6, another person to the Board. 
Section 4.7 Resignation.
Except as otherwise required by law, a Director may resign from the Board at any time by giving notice in writing to the Executive Director or Secretary at the registered office of the Corporation.  Any such resignation shall take effect at the time specified therein, or if the time is not specified, upon delivery thereof and, unless otherwise specified therein, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.  In the event of such resignation, the Member having appointed such Director shall appoint, in accordance with the procedures defined in Section 3.6, another person to the Board.

Section 4.8 Quorum of Directors and Action by the Board. 

Unless a greater proportion is required by law, or by the Articles of Incorporation, or these Bylaws, a simple majority of the Directors then in office and in good standing, according to the provision of Section 4.4 of these Bylaws, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.  Except as otherwise provided by law, or by the Articles of Incorporation, or these Bylaws, the act of a simple majority of the Directors present at a meeting at which a quorum exists shall be deemed an action of the Board.

Section 4.9 Meetings of the Board.

(a)    Meetings

Meetings of the Board of Directors may be held at such place and time within or without the Commonwealth of Virginia and upon such notice as may be prescribed by resolution of the Board of Directors. 

An annual meeting shall be held once a year at a time and location set by the Board of Directors. 

(b)    Participation
Subject to the notice provisions of Section 4.9(c) of these Bylaws, the Board may hold a regular or special meeting by means of conference telephone or similar communications equipment pursuant to which all persons participating in the meeting can hear and communicate with each other.  Any committee provided for in these Bylaws or established by the Board may also hold its meetings by means of such conference telephone or similar communications equipment.

(c)    Notice of Annual, Regular and Special Meetings
Written or printed notice stating the place, day and hour of the annual meeting or any regular or special meeting shall be delivered to each Director entitled to vote at such meeting not less than forty-eight (48) hours before the date of the meeting, either personally, by mail, by facsimile transmission, email or by any other form of communication permitted by the Act, by or at the direction of the Executive Director, Chair, or Secretary.  If mailed, such notice shall be deemed to be delivered when deposited in the United States mail, postage pre-paid, addressed to the Director at the address as it appears on the records of the Corporation.  If sent by any other form of electronic communication permitted under Commonwealth of Virginia law, such notice shall be deemed to be delivered when sent.

Special meetings of the Board may be called by the Chair, the Executive Director, or at the request of any 25% of the Directors.  The person or persons calling a meeting of the Board may fix the time and place for holding such meeting.

(d)    Notice Waiver

Whenever notice is required, a waiver thereof in writing signed by the Director or Directors entitled to such notice, whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent to the giving of such notice.  Further, the presence of any Director at a meeting, in person, by telephone conference or by other means of attendance permitted under Commonwealth of Virginia law, without objection to the lack of notice of such meeting, shall also constitute waiver of notice by such Director.

(e)    Actions By Written Consent
Any action of the Board to be taken at a meeting of the Directors or of any committee of the Board may be taken without a meeting if a consent in writing is signed by all of the Directors or committee members.  Such written consent shall bear the date of signature of each Director or committee member who signs the consent.  When in the judgment of the Chair, such actions can be more efficiently taken by electronic means, an electronic transmission by a Director or committee member consenting to an action to be taken and transmitted by a Director or committee member is considered written, signed, and dated for the purposes of this article if the transmission sets forth or is delivered with information from which the Corporation can determine that the transmission was transmitted by the Director or committee member and the date on which the Director or committee member transmitted the transmission.  Such consent shall have the same force and effect as a vote by a sufficient number of Directors or committee members as would be necessary to take that action at a meeting at which all of the Directors or members of the committee were present.

(f)    Compensation

No Director or elected Officer shall receive any compensation for services rendered to the Corporation as a Director, except that Directors and Officers may be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred in the performance of their duties to the Corporation as authorized by resolution of the Board.  The Executive Director is an appointed position of the Corporation and as such may be a paid position as outlined in Section 4.12.

Section 4.10 Voting.

Each Director shall have one vote.  No proxy shall be allowed for voting.

Section 4.11 Absence. 

Each Board member is expected to communicate with the Chair or Executive Director in advance of all Board meetings stating whether or not they will attend or participate by conference telephone or other agreed-upon means of communication.

Section 4.12 Executive Director.

The Board of Directors, by majority vote of the Directors in office, shall engage and discharge the Executive Director.  The Executive Director shall have such authority and perform such duties as may be required to carry out the operations of the Corporation, including, but not limited to, those set forth in the yearly Plan of Operations.  The Executive Director is a non-voting Ex-Officio member of the Executive Committee and the Board of Directors. 

The Executive Director of the Corporation may receive compensation in reasonable amounts for services rendered to the Corporation, as set by the Board.  The Executive Director may, on behalf of the Corporation, authorize cash disbursements and enter into any contract or execute and deliver on any contract as necessary to implement the budget and the Plan of Operations.

Section 4.13 Honorary Directors
In recognition of meritorious service to the Commonwealth of Virginia and/or the Mid-Atlantic Research Infrastructure Alliance, or for exemplary leadership in advanced research & educational activities, the Board of Directors may by a majority vote at any time appoint such Honorary Directors for such terms of service as it deems appropriate.  Honorary Directors shall be notified of all meetings of the Board of Directors in the same manner as the Directors, but shall not be required to attend any meeting of the Board of Directors.  Honorary Directors shall not be entitled to vote on matters decided by vote of the Board of Directors, nor shall they be deemed or considered as Directors for any other purpose under the provisions of the Code of Virginia, the Articles of Incorporation, these Bylaws, or resolutions of the Board. 


ARTICLE V Officers, Agents, and Employees

Section 5.1 Officers.

The Executive Director appointed by the Board of Directors in accordance with section 4.12 serves as an Officer of the Corporation.  The Board of Directors of the Corporation shall annually elect a Chair, a Vice-Chair, a Secretary, and a Treasurer.  These elected Officers shall not receive any salary and must be a Director of the Corporation.   Any two offices may be held by the same person, except that the Chair may not hold another office.

Section 5.2 Term of Office. 

The Elected Officers of the Corporation shall be elected for one-year terms at the regular annual meeting of the Board of Directors.  Vacancies may be filled or new offices created and filled at any meeting of the Board.  Each Officer shall hold office until a successor shall have been duly elected by the Board.

Section 5.3 Removal. 

The Board may remove any Officer whenever in the Board's judgment the best interests of the Corporation will be served thereby, subject to the terms of any employment agreement that may be in effect with respect to the applicable Officer.

Section 5.4 Resignation from Office.

Officers may resign at any time by providing written notice to the Chair or to the Executive Director.

Section 5.5 Powers and Duties.

The Officers of the Corporation shall have such duties in connection with the operation of the Corporation as generally pertain to their respective offices, as described below, as well as such powers and duties as from time to time may be delegated to them by the Board of Directors.  The Executive Director, and the individuals he or she hires to perform the day-to-day operations of the Corporation, may be given proper executive titles.

(a)    Chair  The Chair shall preside at the meetings of the Board of Directors.  The Chair shall, on behalf of the Board, work with the Executive Director to ensure the supervision and administration of the business and affairs of the Corporation.  The Chair shall play a major role in representing the Corporation within and outside the community.  The Chair, as well as any other Officer or staff person of the Corporation authorized by the Board of Directors, may sign any deeds, bonds, mortgages, or other instruments, and enter into agreements necessary to carry out the missions and programs of the Corporation, except where these Bylaws or policies adopted by the Board require the signature of some other Officer or agent of the Corporation.  The Chair shall communicate to other Officers or to the Board of Directors such matters and make such suggestions as may in her/his opinion tend to promote the prosperity and welfare of the Corporation and, subject to the supervision of the Board of Directors, shall perform all duties customary to that office.

(b)    Vice Chair  In case of the absence of the Chair, or of the Chair’s inability to serve, the Vice-Chair shall perform the duties of the Chair.  Like the Chair, the Vice-Chair shall play a major role in resource development and in representing the Corporation within and outside the community.

(c)    Secretary  The Secretary shall be responsible for keeping an accurate record of all meetings of the Board of Directors, see that all notices are duly given in accordance with these Bylaws or as required by law, oversee the maintenance of the official records of the Corporation, and in general perform all duties customary to the office of Secretary and such other duties as from time to time may be assigned by the Chair or by the Board.  The Secretary shall have custody of the corporate seal of the Corporation, if any, and shall have the authority to affix the same to any instrument requiring it, and when so affixed, it may be attested by his/her signature.  The Board of Directors may give general authority to any Officer to affix the seal of the Corporation, if any, and to attest the affixing by his/her signature.

In the absence of the Secretary, a secretary pro tempore shall be appointed by the presiding Officer.

(d)    Treasurer  The Treasurer, shall have the care and custody of and be responsible for the oversight of the funds and other property of the Corporation, and shall deposit all such funds in the name of the Corporation in such bank or banks, trust company or trust companies or safe deposit vaults as the Board may designate.  Subject to other provisions of these Bylaws or policies of the Board, the Treasurer shall oversee the creation and endorsement in the name of the Corporation of checks, drafts, warrants and orders for the payment of money, and pay out and dispose of same and receipt therefor, under the direction of the Chair or the Board of Directors.  The Treasurer shall keep at the office of the Corporation correct books of account of all its business and transactions and such other books of account as the Board may require.  The Treasurer shall exhibit, at all reasonable times, the books of accounts to any Director upon request at the office of the Corporation during business hours.  The Treasurer shall render a statement of the condition of the finances of the Corporation at each regular meeting of the Board and at such other times as the Board shall require.  The Treasurer shall provide a full financial report to the Board annually.  The Treasurer shall do and perform all other duties pertaining to the office of Treasurer.

Section 5.6 Agents and Employees.

The Executive Director shall hire, direct, and discharge all/any other agents and employees of the Corporation.  Any employee or agent may be removed at any time with or without cause.  Removal without cause shall be without prejudice to such person's contract rights, if any, and the appointment of such person shall not itself create contract rights.

Section 5.7 Conflict of Interest.
Directors, Officers and employees shall disclose to the Board any financial interest which the Director, Officer or employee directly or indirectly has in any person or entity which is a party to a transaction under consideration by the Board.  A Director with a conflict of interest shall abstain from voting on any such transaction being considered by the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE VI Committees
The Corporation shall have at least three (3) committees: the Executive Committee, the Audit Committee and the Nominating Committee.
Section 6.1 Executive Committee.
The Executive Committee shall consist of the Chair, Vice-Chair, Secretary, and Treasurer of the Board.  The Executive Committee shall have and exercise the authority of the Board in the management of the business and affairs of the Corporation, subject to the restrictions hereinafter set out and further subject to such limitations upon its authority as the Board may, from time to time, impose, and subject to Section 13.1-869(D) of the Code.  In no event shall the Executive Committee, or any of its subcommittees, have authority to approve an amendment to the Articles, a plan of merger or consolidation, a sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge or other disposition of all, or substantially all, of the property and assets of the Corporation, the voluntary dissolution of the Corporation, or the revocation of voluntary dissolution proceedings.  The Executive Committee shall have the authority to appoint subordinate Officers, remove Officers, accept the resignation of Officers and fill vacancies in any office.  The Executive Committee shall have the power to authorize the seal of the Corporation to be affixed to all papers which may require it.  Unless the Board provided otherwise by resolution, the Chair of the Board shall be Chair of the Executive Committee.  The Executive Director is a non-voting Ex-Officio member of the Executive Committee.
Section 6.2 Audit Committee.

The Audit Committee shall consist of three (3) members appointed by the Board; provided that only one of such members is required to be a member of the Board.  The Audit Committee shall provide the Board with the report of the Corporation's outside auditors, shall examine such reports, consult with the auditors with respect to their report and the standards and procedures employed by them in their audit, report to the Board the results of its study and recommend the selection of auditors for each fiscal year.

Section 6.3 Nominating Committee.

The Nominating Committee shall consist of three (3) Board members appointed by the Board.  The Nominating Committee shall recommend to the Board persons for election as Officers and Executive and Audit committee members, subject to the restrictions hereinafter set out and further subject to such limitations upon its authority as the Board may, from time to time, impose.

Section 6.4 Other Committees and Task Forces.

The Board may create and appoint members to such other committees and task forces as they shall deem appropriate.  Except as otherwise set forth herein, the members of committees and task forces do not have to be members of the Board.  Such committees and task forces shall have the power and duties designated by the Board, and shall give advice and make non-binding recommendations to the Board.

Section 6.5 Term of Office.

Each member of a standing or special committee shall serve for one year or until the next annual meeting of the Board, unless the committee is dissolved by the Board.  A majority of the members of the Board may remove members of a committee at any time in their sole discretion.

Section 6.6 Vacancies.

Vacancies in the membership of committees must be filled by the Board. 

Section 6.7 Rules.

Each committee and task force may only adopt rules for its meetings consistent with these Bylaws or with any rules adopted by the Board of Directors.



ARTICLE VII Miscellaneous

Section 7.1 Fiscal Year.

The fiscal year of the Corporation shall be July 1 through June 30.

Section 7.2 Order of Business.

The parliamentary rules in "Robert's Rules of Order," as may be revised, shall govern all deliberations when not in conflict with these Bylaws.  The Board of Directors may waive the application of these rules as it deems necessary.

Section 7.3 Contracts.

The Board of Directors may authorize the Chair, the Executive Director, and the Secretary in the absence of Executive Director to enter into contracts or to execute and deliver other documents and instruments on the Corporation's behalf.  Such authority may be invested in other Officers or agents of the Corporation from time to time for specific purposes.

The Board may authorize any Officer or Officers, or agent or agents, to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in the name of and on behalf of the Corporation.  Such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.

Section 7.4 Gifts.

The Board of Directors may authorize the Executive Director and the Secretary, as well as the Chair, to accept on behalf of the Corporation any contribution, gift, bequest, or device for the purposes of, and in keeping with, the Corporation’s mission.

Section 7.5 Checks, Drafts, Loans, Etc.

All checks, drafts, loans, or other orders for the payment of money, or to sign acceptances, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued in the name of the Corporation shall be signed by such Officer or Officers, agent or agents of the Corporation and in such manner as shall be from time to time determined by the Board.  In the absence of such determination, such instrument shall be signed by the Executive Director, except that disbursements over a specific amount, to be set by the Board from time to time, shall be considered "special disbursements" and must be approved in advance by the Board.

Section 7.6 Deposits.
All funds of the Corporation not otherwise employed shall be deposited from time to time to the credit of the Corporation in such banks, trust companies or other depositories as the Board may select.

Section 7.7 Compensation of Agents and Employees.
The Corporation may pay compensation in reasonable amounts to agents and employees for services rendered, such amounts to be fixed by the Board or, if the Board delegates this power to any Officer or Officers, then by such Officer or Officers.  In the discretion of the Board, the Corporation may secure a bond for the performance of Officers, agents or employees of the Corporation.

Section 7.8 Books and Records to be Kept, Right of Inspection.
The Corporation shall keep correct and complete books and records of accounts and shall keep minutes of the proceedings of its Members, Board of Directors, and committees having any of the authority of the Board of Directors; and shall keep at its registered office in the Commonwealth of Virginia and at its principal office a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.  All books and records of the Corporation may be inspected by any member having voting rights, or his, her or its agent or attorney, for any proper purpose during normal business hours.

Section 7.9 Amendment of Articles and Bylaws.

The Articles of Incorporation and the Bylaws of the Corporation may be adopted, amended, or repealed by a majority vote of the Directors then in office, provided that at least ten days' written notice has been given each member of the Board of the intention to adopt, amend, or repeal the Articles of Incorporation or the Bylaws.

Section 7.10 Loans to Directors, Officers, Employees and Agents Prohibited. 
No loans shall be made by the Corporation to its Directors, Officers, employees or agents. 
Section 7.11 Responsibility to Full Members.
Neither the Corporation nor its Directors, Officers, employees, or agents shall enter into any agreement with any party that would prevent any Director from fully briefing employees of their institution who, at their sole discretion, need to be briefed on any activity of the Corporation.
Section 7.12 Conflicts.
If there is a conflict between the terms set forth herein and the terms set forth in any Membership Agreement between the Corporation and a Member or Members then the terms of these Bylaws shall control.
.

These Bylaws have been reviewed and approved by the MARIA Board of Directors:
                       
Secretary

.Exhibit A - Primary Research Members

•    College of William and Mary
•    George Mason University
•    James Madison University
•    Old Dominion University
•    University of Virginia
•    Virginia Commonwealth University
•    VT Technology Assets LLC

.Exhibit B - Associate Research Members

•    ____________________

.Exhibit C - Supporting Members

•    ____________________
•    ____________________



.Exhibit D – Associate Members

•    ____________________
•    ____________________


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